India is on exponential growth story looking into the expansion of power generation through renewable source. Especially, solar power, which has shown a phenomenal growth rate in terms of percentage increase in the total installed capacity of the country. The use of solar energy is not only to increase the power generation but also to sustain consistent energy demands for the socio-economic balancing act. Most of the northern states of India are exposed to the sun throughout the year, expanding the potentiality of meeting energy demands through sun optimally. Indian Peninsula is blessed with the incident of 5000 trillion kWh energy every year through the sun which averages to 4-7 kWh per square meter per day. States like Haryana have shown a total commitment to exploring the potential of solar energy in meeting power demands and selling it to other neighbouring states. Current state policies have empowered the growth of solar energy in Haryana and many other states of India.

In recent times, the Haryana government has taken crucial steps to favor the growth of solar energy through its policies. It has been among the fastest growing states in terms of solar power installation with a total commissioned capacity of 73.27 MW. A state government agency HREDA (Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency) has pushed for the adoption of solar power through the installation of a 45kW plant for Haryana Raj Bhawan and 4.5 KW plant for 10 District Collectorates. Solar companies in Gurgaon and other parts of the state have seen the fastest growth in terms of receiving orders for the installation of solar panels in the residential as well as a commercial building.

With more than 300 sunny days available in a year, the state government has set a target of 4200 MW of solar power installed capacity by 2022. Out of this around 1600 MW is to be achieved through rooftops solar power plants. In a recent development, the state government has given a 90% subsidy to farmers for using solar powered pumps in the farmlands. It has aimed to promote solar-powered water pumps and set up 3050 such pumps all over the state. The growth is indicative of the total output corresponding to the input cost on a solar plant installed. The installation cost of solar plant in Gurgaon with a capacity of 1kW costs Rs 70,000 post 30% subsidy. There are solar cooker schemes and solar water schemes benefitting the residential population and pushing them to build self-reliant buildings for a better and sustainable future.

Initiatives for the Development of Solar Energy

•    Compulsory Installation of Rooftop Solar Power Plant: The State Government has mandated the installation of rooftop solar power plant for different categories of the building based on the percent load, and the categorization of buildings that comes under the compulsion on installation of rooftop solar power plant is as below

  • Residential buildings built on plot size 500 sq yards and above, having 3% to 5% of connected load
  • All Govt and Private Educational Institutes, Universities, Technical/ Vocational Training Institutes, Hostels, Schools, Colleges, and offices having connected load of 30kW and above
  • Private Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Tourism complexes, Malls, Hotels, Industrial establishments, Commercial Establishments connected to a load of 50kW and above
  • All water lifting stations of Irrigation Department
  • All new housing complexes developed by Builders, Housing boards, built on a plot size of 0.5 acres and above

Solar power plant installation in Gurgaon has seen a rapid growth post notification of mandatory rooftop solar panel installation by the State Government. Over the five years of period, Haryana has excelled among the states due to liberal policies and granting funding to promote the solar system for homes in Gurgaon and other parts of the state.

•    Facility for Net Metering

According to the Haryana Electricity Regulatory Commission regulations, the net-metering facility shall be provided to the grid-connected solar rooftop photovoltaic systems, generating electricity equivalent to the sanctioned load. In addition to that, incentives @ 25 per unit shall be provided in the bills on the solar power generation.

•    Leasing of Government Buildings/ Lands

As per the new policy of the State Government, the available rooftop space of Government Institutions, Organizations, buildings, and vacant lands can be provided on rent/ lease to the independent power producer for installing solar power projects. Such projects shall be provided with the net metering facility and the producer will be allowed to sell the remaining power to Haryana Power Purchase Centre (HPPC) on minimum tariff last discovered.

Conclusion

It is quite evident that effective implementation of the state government policies lies with the state electricity board, corresponding agencies and organizations. The State Electricity Regulatory Commission (SERC) can decide on the preferable tariff rates to benefit more and more consumers adopting solar power alternative to meet the energy demands. As a result, solar in Gurgaon is trend among the citizens, as they can seek subsidies as well as incentives coming their way for the installation of solar power plants. With this continued efforts from the respective authority of the state, solar energy in Haryana is going to grow at consistent pace and would definitely utilize the potential of its geographical location.